Proteínas importantes para la invasión de Babesia bovis a las células huésped

Important proteins for Babesia bovis invasion to host cells

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Laura Esperanza Cuy Chaparro
Anny Camargo Mancipe
Alida Marcela Gómez Rodríguez
César Reyes Santofimio
Darwin Andrés Moreno Pérez

Resumen

Introducción. La babesiosis bovina es causada por parásitos Apicomplexa del género Babesia, siendo Babesia bovis la especie asociada con cuadros clínicos más graves de la enfermedad. La invasión de B. bovis a los eritrocitos bovinos implica la interacción entre moléculas de los merozoítos del parásito con receptores de las células huésped. Por ende, conocer las proteínas involucradas en este proceso supone un importante paso para entender la biología del parásito. Objetivo. Describir las principales moléculas implicadas en el proceso de invasión de B. bovis a eritrocitos bovinos. Metodología. Se realizó una búsqueda en NCBI, Medline, LILACS y SciELO usando los términos: “Babesia bovis AND invasion process”, “MSA-1”, “RON2”, “AMA-1”, “moving junction”, “B. bovis AND Vaccine candidates”. 61 publicaciones disponibles en inglés que describen el estudio de las anteriores proteínas y su participación en la invasión los cuales han sido publicados hasta mayo 2020 se revisaron completamente. Resultados: Siendo el proceso de invasión a eritrocitos bovinos clave para la patogénesis de la babesiosis bovina, se hizo una revisión donde se encontraron 3 proteínas de B. bovis que participan en el reconocimiento e invasión a las células diana: MSA-1, AMA-1 y RON2. Sin embargo, los detalles a nivel molecular para las interacciones inter e intramoleculares aún no se han dilucidado por completo. Conclusiones. Conocer las moléculas involucradas en las interacciones parásito-hospedero permitirá comprender cómo ocurre el proceso de invasión de B. bovis a los eritrocitos y así evaluar su futura utilidad como componente de una estrategia de control efectiva contra esta parasitosis.

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