Aportes de la Psicología Evolucionista a la Terapia de Pareja: Integrando enfoques básicos y aplicados

Juan Camilo Vargas-Nieto, Claudia Liliana Valencia Granados, Danilo Zambrano

Resumen


Resumen

La terapia de pareja es uno de los métodos que con frecuencia el psicólogo clínico debe implementar en su práctica debido a los altos índices de consulta que realizan sus clientes con relación a esta área particular. Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar e integrar dos perspectivas complementarias de la psicología desde el campo básico y aplicado, mediante la revisión de algunos conceptos centrales de la Psicología Evolucionista y la Psicología Clínica. De acuerdo con esto, se examinan diferentes variables de interés en el marco de algunas de las interacciones características de las parejas como los intercambios positivos, el conflicto, los celos, entre otras. Por otro lado, se mencionan algunas de las características de la terapia cognitivo conductual de pareja y de la terapia conductual integrativa de pareja como una de las estrategias de intervención más efectivas para el tratamiento de las dificultades de pareja. Finalmente, se sugiere ampliar las investigaciones sobre las relaciones de pareja y sus intervenciones que incorporen las formulaciones de la Psicología Evolucionista respecto a las estrategias de atracción, retención y cambio de pareja, para lograr una comprensión más amplia de las dinámicas de las parejas y de las intervenciones efectivas para mejorar las problemáticas en esta área.

 

Contributions from Evolutionary Psychology to Couple Therapy: Integrating basic and applied approaches

Abstract

Couple therapy is one of the therapeutic methods that often the clinical psychologist must implement in practice because of the high rates of consultation that clients make in relation to this particular area. This article aims to analyze and integrate two complementary perspectives of psychology, from the basic and applied field by reviewing some central concepts of Evolutionary and Clinical Psychology. Accordingly, we examine different variables of interest within the framework of the characteristic interactions of couples such as positive exchanges, conflict, jealousy, among others. On the other hand, some of the characteristics of cognitive-behavioral couple therapy and integrative behavioral couple therapy are mentioned as one of the most effective intervention strategies for treating partner difficulties. Finally, we suggest that more research on couple’s relationships and their interventions incorporating the formulations of Evolutionary Psychology regarding strategies of attraction, retention and change of couple to achieve a broader understanding of the dynamics of couples and of the interventions that can be performed to improve the problems that afflict the couples.

 

Contribuições da Psicologia Evolutiva à Terapia Paritária: Integração de abordagens básicas e aplicadas

Resumo

A terapia de casal é um dos métodos terapêuticos que muitas vezes o psicólogo clínico deve implementar na prática devido às altas taxas de consulta que os clientes fazem em relação a essa área específica. Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar e integrar duas perspectivas complementares de psicologia, do campo básico e aplicadas através da revisão de alguns conceitos centrais de Psicologia Evolucionista e Clínica. Consequentemente, examinamos diferentes variáveis de interesse dentro do quadro das interações características dos casais, como trocas positivas, conflitos, ciúmes, entre outros. Por outro lado, algumas das características da terapia cognitivo comportamental em casal e a terapia comportamental integrativa de casais são mencionadas como uma das estratégias de intervenção mais eficazes para o tratamento de dificuldades de casal. Finalmente, sugere-se que mais pesquisas sobre relacionamentos de casais e suas intervenções incorporem as formulações de Psicologia Evolucionista em relação a estratégias de atração, retenção e mudança de casal para alcançar uma compreensão mais ampla da dinâmica de casais e das intervenções que podem ser feitas para melhorar os problemas que afligem os casais.


Palabras clave


: Terapia de parejas, interacciones, psicología clínica, psicología evolucionista;Couples therapy, interactions, clinical psychology, evolutionary psychology; terapia de casais, interações, psicologia clínica, psicologia evolucionista.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24267/23898798.247

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