Efecto de la recuperación activa en la potencia pico y el lactato, después de protocolos de sprints repetidos, realizados en cicloergómetro: Una revisión sistemática

Active Recovery effect in the peak power and the lactate, after repeated sprints protocols, executed in cycloergometer: A systematic review

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Sonia Viviana Anzola-Cruz


Introducción: la recuperación activa ha sido utilizada en actividades físicas de alta demanda energética como los sprints repetidos en cicloergómetro. Objetivo: analizar el efecto de la recuperación activa en la potencia pico y el lactato, después de protocolos de sprints repetidos, realizados en cicloergómetro. Materiales: Las fuentes bibliográficas consultadas fueron bases de datos electrónicas, pubmed y web of science. Método: Se evaluó la calidad de los nueve artículos incluidos para lectura completa, utilizando la escala PEDro. Resultados: La efectividad de la recuperación activa para los sprints repetidos con menor disminución de la potencia pico se presentó en tres estudios con tiempos de recuperación de 20 min, 4 min y 45 sg, realizando 3 o 4 SR con porcentaje de cadencia de pedaleo de 40 y 28% VO2máx o entre 60 y 70 rpm. Los 9 estudios analizados no presentaron diferencias significativas (p > 0.05) en el comportamiento del lactato respecto a la recuperación activa con los protocolos que realizaron. No obstante, se presentan diferencias significativas (p = 0.001) entre la recuperación activa y otros métodos de recuperación. Conclusión: Se deben considerar las características de la población para los protocolos analizados con diferencias en los tiempos de recuperación activa y ejecución del sprint, así como la cantidad de sprints repetidos realizados y los porcentajes de cadencia de pedaleo.

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