¿Es efectiva la terapia administrada vía internet para la depresión?: Una Revisión Sistemática (Is Online Therapy Effective for Depression? A Systematic Review)

Claudia Liliana Valencia Granados, Juan Camilo Vargas-Nieto

Resumen


Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio es el de explorar la efectividad clínica de las intervenciones administradas vía internet para la depresión, a partir de la revisión sistemática de artículos de investigación con diseño de ensayo clínico aleatorizado, publicados en revistas con revisión de pares de los últimos 10 años, en inglés o español sobre tratamientos administrados vía online para la depresión. De un total de 745 referencias bibliográficas detectadas, se seleccionaron 63 artículos. El análisis sistemático de estos estudios indicó que las terapias asistidas por internet son efectivas para la reducción de síntomas de depresión. Sin embargo, son necesarios más estudios en el contexto latinoamericano teniendo en cuenta los aspectos culturales y contextuales de la población y así establecer la efectividad de esta modalidad de intervención en países de habla hispana.

Palabras clave: Terapia asistidas por internet, depresión, revisión sistemática.

Abstract

The scope of this study is to explore the clinical effectiveness of interventions conducted by the internet for treat depression. The background of the study comprises a systematic review of research articles with randomized clinical trial design published in peer-reviewed journals of the last 10 Years (both in English and Spanish) on treatments administered online for depression (of a total of 745 bibliographical references detected, 63 articles were selected). The study concludes through systematic analysis of these studies that internet-assisted therapies are truly effective in reducing symptoms of depression. However, more studies are needed at the Latin American setting (taking into account the cultural and contextual aspects of this region population), to widely establish the broad effectiveness of these kind of interventions.

Keywords: internet delivered, depression, systematic review.


Palabras clave


Terapia asistidas por internet; depresión; revisión sistemática; internet delivered; depression; systematic review

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24267/23898798.211

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